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UNRIC Library Backgrounder: Ebola

pdf versionEbola virus disease (formerly known as Ebola haemorrhagic fever) is a rare but severe, often fatal illness, with a death rate of up to 90% in humans caused by the Ebola virus, a member of the filovirus family. Death rates have varied from 25% to 90% in past outbreaks. The Ebola virus was first identified in 1976 when 2 simultaneous outbreaks occurred, 1 in Yambuku, a village not far from the Ebola River in the Democratic Republic of Congo and the other in a remote area of Sudan. The origin of the virus is unknown, but current evidence suggests that fruit bats (Pteropodidae) may be a host.

Source: World Health Organization (WHO) – Frequently asked questions on Ebola virus disease

 

DR Congo: Ebola Outbreak – Aug 2018: https://reliefweb.int/disaster/ep-2018-000129-cod
DR Congo: Ebola Outbreak – May 2018: https://reliefweb.int/disaster/ep-2018-000049-cod
DR Congo: Ebola Outbreak – May 2017: https://reliefweb.int/disaster/ep-2017-000048-cod
West Africa: Ebola Outbreak – Mar 2014: http://reliefweb.int/disaster/ep-2014-000041-gin

 

UN Entities

  • Emergency Ebola Response Office, DR Congo: https://www.un.org/ebolaresponsedrc/
    Since the WHO’s declaration of the epidemic on 1 August 2018, the United Nations and International Non-Governmental Organizations have been stepping up their efforts in support of the public health response led by the Ministry of Public Health of the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) in order to bring the 10th Ebola epidemic to an end. To that end, the United Nation has put in place a tight, disciplined and coordinated system for a rapid response and adjustments to shift from chasing the virus disease to anticipating where it moves to next so as to break the chain of transmission. This new approach also enhances coherence among all partners under the leadership of UNEERC, which includes UN system programmes, funds and agencies, as well as International Non-Governmental Organisations. The Ebola Emergency Response Coordinator (EERC) is responsible for enhancing the effectiveness of the United Nations response. 
  • Global Ebola Response: http://ebolaresponse.un.org/
    The UN system and the international community are coming together as never before to deliver a rapid, robust and effective response to help the Governments and the people of Guinea, Liberia and Sierra Leone.

  • United Nations Mission for Ebola Emergency Response (UNMEER):
    http://ebolaresponse.un.org/un-mission-ebola-emergency-response
    UNMEER, the first-ever UN emergency health mission, was established on 19 September 2014 and closed on 31 July 2015, having achieved its core objective of scaling up the response on the ground.
  • Global Health Crises Task Force: http://www.un.org/en/global-health-crises-task-force/index.html
    The Global Health Crises Task Force was established by the United Nations Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon for a period of one year, beginning on 1 July 2016.

Selected documents:

  • Security Council resolution 2439 (2018) / adopted by the Security Council at its 8385th meeting, on 30 October 2018: http://undocs.org/S/RES/2439(2018)
    on condemning attacks by armed groups in the Democratic Republic of the Congo and their role in exacerbating the Ebola virus outbreak
  • A/71/810 (24 February 2017): Lessons learned exercise on the coordination activities of the United Nations Mission for Ebola Emergency Response: report of the Advisory Committee on Administrative and Budgetary Questions: http://undocs.org/A/71/810
    “Annex: United Nations Mission for Ebola Emergency Response: budget proposals, final appropriation and actual expenditure”: p. 11-13.
  • A/70/737 (4 Mar. 2016): Lessons learned exercise on the coordination activities of the United Nations Mission for Ebola Emergency Response: report of the Secretary-General: http://undocs.org/A/70/737 and http://undocs.org/A/70/737/Corr.1
    Prepared in response to General Assembly resolution 69/274 B.  “Annex: Asset disposal breakdown”: p. 23
  • A/69/1014 (1 September 2015): Letter dated 1 September 2015 from the Secretary-General addressed to the President of the General Assembly: http://undocs.org/A/69/1014
    Reports on the work of the UN in the response to the Ebola outbreak in West Africa and covers developments from 1 to 31 July 2015, the 300-day mark since the establishment of the UN Mission for Ebola Emergency Response (UNMEER); records activities carried out by the Special Envoy on Ebola and UNMEER, and provides an update on progress made in the Ebola response pursuant to General Assembly resolution 69/1 since the update of 24 July 2015 (A/69/992).
  • A/69/992 (24 July 2015): Letter dated 24 July 2015 from the Secretary-General addressed to the President of the General Assembly: http://undocs.org/A/69/992
    Reports the work of the UN in the response to the Ebola outbreak in West Africa and covers developments from 1 June through 1 July 2015 since the establishment of the UN Mission for Ebola Emergency Response (UNMEER); provides an update on progress made in the Ebola response pursuant to General Assembly resolution 69/1 since the update of 16 June 2015 (A/69/939).
  • A/69/908 (26 May 2015): Letter dated 22 May 2015 from the Secretary-General addressed to the President of the General Assembly: http://undocs.org/A/69/908
    Reports the work of the UN in the response to the Ebola outbreak in West Africa and covers developments from 1 Apr. to 1 May 2015; provides an update on progress made in the Ebola response pursuant to General Assembly resolution 69/1 since the update of 16 Apr. 2015 (A/69/871).
  • S/2015/282 (27 April 2015): Letter dated 23 April 2015 from the Chair of the Peacebuilding Commission addressed to the President of the Security Council: http://undocs.org/S/2015/282
    Reports, in the capacity as Chair of the Peacebuilding Commission, the visits to Liberia, Sierra Leone, Guinea and Senegal/UN Office for West Africa, from 5 to 10 Apr. 2015, to assess the impact of the Ebola crisis on peacebuilding.
  • A/69/871 (16 April 2015): Letter dated 16 April 2015 from the Secretary-General addressed to the President of the General Assembly: http://undocs.org/A/69/871
    Reports the work of the UN in the response to the Ebola outbreak in West Africa and covers developments from 1 Mar. to 1 Apr. 2015; provides an update on progress made in the Ebola response pursuant to General Assembly resolution 69/1 since the update of 13 Mar. 2015 (A/69/812).
  • A/69/812 (13 March 2015): Letter dated 12 March 2015 from the Secretary-General addressed to the President of the General Assembly: http://undocs.org/A/69/812
    The report covers developments from 1 February to 1 March 2015, the 150-day mark since the of UNMEER.
  • A/69/759 (10 February 2015): Letter dated 10 February 2015 from the Secretary-General addressed to the President of the General Assembly: http://undocs.org/A/69/759
    Reports the work of the UN in the response to the Ebola outbreak in West Africa and covers developments from 1 Jan.-1 Feb. 2015; provides an update on progress made in the Ebola response pursuant to General Assembly resolution 69/1 since the update of 12 Jan. 2015 (A/69/720).
  • A/69/720 (13 January 2015): Letter dated 12 January 2015 from the Secretary-General addressed to the President of the General Assembly: http://undocs.org/A/69/720
    Reports the work of the UN in the response to the Ebola outbreak in West Africa and covers developments from 1 Nov. 2014-1 Jan. 2015.
  • A/RES/69/132 (Resolution adopted by the General Assembly on 11 December 2014): Global health and foreign policy: http://undocs.org/A/RES/69/132
  • A/69/573 (12 November 2014): Letter dated 12 November 2014 from the Secretary-General addressed to the President of the General Assembly: http://undocs.org/A/69/573
    Reports the work of the UN in the response to the Ebola outbreak in West Africa and covers developments from 19 Sept. through 31 Oct. 2014.
  • A/RES/69/3 (Resolution adopted by the General Assembly on 9 October 2014): United Nations Mission for Ebola Emergency Response: http://undocs.org/A/RES/69/3
  • A/69/408 (30 Sept. 2014): United Nations Mission for Ebola Emergency Response and the Office of the Special Envoy on Ebola : report of the Advisory Committee on Administrative and Budgetary Questions: http://undocs.org/A/69/408
  • A/69/404 (24 September 2014): United Nations Mission for Ebola Emergency Response and the Office of the Special Envoy on Ebola; Report of the Secretary-General: http://undocs.org/A/69/404
  • A/RES/69/1 (Resolution adopted by the General Assembly on 19 September 2014): Measures to contain and combat the recent Ebola outbreak in West Africa: http://undocs.org/A/RES/69/1
    Annexes (p. 6-10): 1. Summary of estimated preliminary resource requirements – 2. Staffing summary — 3. UNMEER/Office of the Special Envoy structure.
  • A/69/389-S/2014/679 (18 September 2014): Identical letters dated 17 September 2014 from the Secretary-General addressed to the President of the General Assembly and the President of the Security Council: http://undocs.org/A/69/389
    In this document the Secretary-General sets forth the Mission’s six guiding principles and 12 actions deemed critical by the Senior United Nations System Coordinator to carry out the Mission’s aims.
  • Further documents – click here

 

Selected press releases & news stories:

 

Secretary-General

The Secretary-General held a High-level Meeting on Response to the Ebola Virus Disease Outbreak on 25 September 2014:
http://papersmart.unmeetings.org/secretariat/eosg/hlm-response-to-the-ebola-virus-disease-outbreak/programme/

 

General Assembly

Briefing to the General Assembly: Progress of Ebola outbreak response and the road towards recovery, 13 January 2016

General Assembly meeting on 19 September 2014 on “Measures to contain and combat the recent Ebola outbreak in West Africa”:

Ebola virus outbreak – General Assembly, Informal meeting, 69th session (10 October 2014):

General Assembly Briefing on the Ebola virus outbreak, 20 January 2015:
http://www.un.org/pga/200115_birfing-ebola/

General Assembly Information Meeting on Ebola, 18 February 2015:

Informal Meeting of the General Assembly – Progress of the Ebola outbreak response and recovery efforts, 13 January 2016:

 

Security Council

8590th meeting of the Security Council on Peace and Security in Africa regarding Ebola, 2 August 2019:

Emergency Session on Peace and Security in Africa (Ebola), 18 September 2014:

7279th meeting of the Security Council on Peace and Security in Africa regarding Ebola, 14 October 2014:

7318th meeting of the Security Council on Peace and Security in Africa, 21 November 2014:

7502nd meeting of the Security Council on Peace and Security in Africa – The global response to the 2013 Ebola virus disease outbreak, 13 August 2015:

 

Economic and Social Council

Special Meeting on “Ebola: A threat to sustainable development”, 5 December 2014
http://www.un.org/en/ecosoc/ebola1/

 

Further Information

13 December 2019
not an official document – for information only
https://staging.unric.org/en/unric-library-backgrounder-ebola/

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